There is one MSG satellite receiving station located at Skopje Airport.

The Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellites are geostationary weather satellites developed by a joint venture of ESA ( European Space Agency) and EUMETSAT (European Organisation for the exploitation of Meteorological satellites). Meteosat-8 is operational since mid-2004, transmitting new observations every 15 minutes in 12 spectral channels. The previous series of weather satellites 'only' transmitted observations every 30 minutes in 3 spectral channels (visible, infrared and water vapour)

The satellite observations are an essential input for weather models and they are also very important for weather predictions in the short and medium term (so called "nowcasting").

It is also possible to observe cloud patterns through satellite images and to continuously follow up their evolution.

 Infrared satellite pictures

An infrared satellite image is created by measuring the thermal radiation emitted by the earth's surface and the cloud tops. That is why an infrared image is actually a temperature chart of the underlying surface. In order to simplify the interpretation of the satellite image, the original black-and-white image was artificially coloured in. Low temperatures (high cloud tops for instance) are white or light blue zones. Higher temperatures are indicated by grey zones. By using a colour scale, it is easier to distinguish the earth's surface, the clouds and the water surfaces.

 

 

Visual Satellite pictures

The visual satellite image on the left is a composed image. The satellite image is a combination of 3 visual spectral channels, each of which was assigned a specific colour red, blue or green. This technique allows for marking the contrast between different cloud types through colours.

The visual satellite images are useful for distinguishing high clouds from low clouds, localising storm clouds (CB's) and observing snow fields.